We serve Refugees, Asylees, Victims of Human Trafficking, Cuban and Haitian entrants, Special Interest Visa holders, Central American children and families, and other immigrants in various statuses. Below is a definition of each category and the number of clients served by IINE in Fiscal Year 2019:
Refugees– IINE resettled 246 refugees in Fiscal Year 2019. The total number of refugees in all of our services, including employment and case management, was 719 in 2019. A refugee is someone living outside of his or her country of nationality who is unable or unwilling to return to that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. Each refugee arrives in the U.S. with a refugee visa and is eligible to work and receive public benefits. After one year, refugees can adjust to lawful permanent status, and after five years, they are eligible for citizenship.
Asylees– IINE served 138 asylees in Fiscal Year 2019. An asylee is someone who received the equivalent of refugee status by a court within the U.S. instead of overseas.
Special Immigrant Visa Holders (SIVs)– Our team served 85 Special Interest Visa holders in FY2019. SIVs hold special visas for providing translation and other services to U.S. forces and government officials in Afghanistan and Iraq. The United States grants SIVs a green card upon their arrival.
Cuban and Haitian Entrants– IINE served 85 Cuban and Haitian entrants in Fiscal Year 2019. The U.S. grants Haitian entrants parole status when they enter the country, meaning they may stay in the U.S. while they apply for asylum. They are eligible for many refugee services while they are on parole status.
Central American Children and Families– IINE reunited 163 Central American minors with families in Greater Boston in FY2019 through our Unaccompanied Children program. The majority of the children in this program come from the so-called “Northern Triangle” of Central America – El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras – which are among the most violent countries in the world. In many cases, parents left these countries years ago, found work in the United States, and sent money home to care for their children, who were often in the custody of grandparents. Many of the parents have Temporary Protective Status (TPS). Some of the children we have helped were separated from their families who were attempting to cross the southern border of the United States.
Victims of Human Trafficking– IINE provided case management services to 12 foreign-born Victims of Human Trafficking in FY19. The 2000 Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) authorizes the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to certify foreign national survivors of labor and sex trafficking, making them eligible for public benefits to the same extent as refugees.
Immigrants of Various Statuses– IINE serves a wide variety of immigrants with different legal statuses. Many immigrants participate in our English and job training programs.